Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
The new fire order creates a “One Stop Shop” for fire safety legislation.
Key points of the order are:-

  • Fire certificates abolished.
  • The “Responsible Person” must undertake a fire risk assessment to identify the “General Fire Precautions” that are needed and then implement them.
  • You must Plan, Implement, Control, Monitor and Review your fire management, and you may need to demonstrate you have complied with the order.
  • You need to take measures to prevent fire (Fire Preventive Measures) and measures to protect people should a fire occur (Fire Protective Measures).
  • Your fire protective measures should protect anyone who is lawfully on the premises, plus anyone in vicinity of premises who may be affected by a fire on the premises.
  • The burden of proof for proving compliance rests with the “Responsible Person”.
  • The “Responsible Person” is either: The employer, the person in control of premises or the owner.

Fire Risk Assessment
You must undertake a fire risk assessment to identify the “General Fire Precautions” that are needed.
General fire precautions are defined as:-

  • Measures to reduce the risk of fire occurring (fire prevention)
  • Measures to reduce the spread of fire. E.g. Fire resistant structure.
  • Means of escape from fire.
  • Means for securing that the means of escape can be safely and effectively used.
  • Means for fighting fires.
  • Means for detecting fire and giving warning.
  • Actions to take in event of fire.
  • Instruction and training
  • Measures to mitigate the effects of fire. E.g. Environmental pollution.

Once these have been identified, you need to take any actions as necessary and record your findings/actions.

The government has published 11 guides to assist people to undertake the fire risk assessment. These guides are premise type specific. They can be downloaded free of charge from

Alternatively they can be purchased from the Stationary Office Bookstores at £12 per guide.
You can also consider other guidance or standards such as the ‘B’ Document under Building Regulations or the many British Standards such as the BS 5588 series.

Fire Alarm Systems and False Alarms
There is a national campaign on to reduce the number of false alarms received by the Fire and Rescue Services. A system is being introduced with differing levels of response dependant upon the number of false alarms your premises generates. If you need advice on your fire alarm system and ways of reducing false alarms, I would recommend talking to ATF Solutions who are an associated company I have worked alongside for a number of years.

Disability Discrimination Act (DDA)
Conflicts are often created in buildings between access requirements, compliance with DDA and fire regulations. The simplicity of this is that under your fire risk assessment and your management procedures you must be able to provide evacuation for anyone who is in your premises. You cannot rely on the Fire and Rescue Service to attend and evacuate/rescue people from ‘safe refuges’ in your premises. Under DDA you may have funded for ‘access’ for disabled, under the fire order you need to ensure you have ‘egress’ for all. You may need to develop a PEEP (Personal Emergency Evacuation Plan) or a GEEP (Generic Emergency Evacuation Plan) dependant upon the type of users of your building. As part of these plans you may need to consider specialist equipment such as Evac + Chairs. (Should you need supply or advice on Evac + Chairs please contact us via the contacts page.

Business Continuity
The majority of companies do not plan sufficiently well for business survival following a fire, with 75% of businesses failing to survive a major fire. Pre-plan for fire and don’t let your company become a statistic.Details relating to any business you see fit: